Roof contractors who are working at your home may use terms you are unfamiliar with. A new roof, or roof repairs, are an important investment. So how do you know if you are making informed decisions when the language is all unfamiliar to you? Roof contractors use a number of terms you should make yourself familiar.
Here are fifteen roofing terms you should know before you meet with roof contractors:
Deck (or Decking/Sheathing): This is the base or surface on which the roofing is installed. It is attached to the trusses or rafters of your home. It is the foundation of your entire roof.
Underlayment: The layer above the deck. This layer is waterproof and designed to provide an extra line of protection against leaks and water damage. Most commonly used for underlayment is felt, a durable paper which is saturated with asphalt.
Flashing: Flashing is sheet metal used to further prevent moisture for seeping under the shingles. Roofs have flashing installed around breaks in the roofing. For example: chimneys, vents, plumbing vent, etc. When the roofing and flashing is installed properly water moves around the flashing, down the roof, and to the ground as oppose to finding its way under your shingles.
Eaves: Eaves are the portion of the roof that overhangs your exterior wall.
Fascia: This term is important because it can be especially likely to rot. Your roof contractor may need to replace this or emphasize the importance of its condition. Fascia is a horizontal board that runs along your roofs eaves. The gutter attaches to your fascia.
Ridge: The ridge of your roof is the highest external angle which is created by the intersection of two sloping planes.
Valley: The valley is the low point formed by the intersection of two sloping planes. Why is this important? Leaks can happen in this zone.
Hip: The hip is an external angle that is formed by two slopes of your roof meeting.
Pitch: The pitch of your roof is that angle at which it slopes. The difficulty of a roof installation and repair increases with the steepness of the roof’s slope.
You’re nearly ready to meet with roof contractors!
Stay tuned for the last six terms you need to know to feel comfortable talking about your next roofing project.